The Bug Scientists by Donna M. Jackson, 2002, Houghton Mifflin.
A professional bug scientist is an entomologist. Some entomologists in this book are as strange as the insects they study. Imagine going to the cricketspitting contest at Purdue University created by Professor Tom Turpin. Some forensic entomologists like Valerie Cervenka work with the police to study insects at crime scenes. Entomologist Steven Kutcher directs insects in Hollywood movies like James and the Giant Peach. Find out how these and other people first became interested in bugs. Watch for the bug actors the next time you see a movie.
Bugs on Your Body: Nature’s Creepiest Creatures Live on You! by John Perritano, 2010, Gareth Stevens Publishing.
Sleep tight and don’t let the bedbugs bite. But they just might! Bugs are everywhere on and around us. Mosquitoes, lice, fleas, ticks and dust mites may be attacking you and your pets. Some bugs spread major diseases that cause plagues. Discover ways that scientists are finding to battle bugs. This book will leave you itching to know more about the bugs on your body!
Insects: Biggest! Littlest! by Sandra Markle, 2009, Boyds Mills Press.
Stink or shield bugs are little but have a mighty smell to ward off predators. The giant stick Insect, almost 2 feet long, is so big most predators can’t fit it in their mouths. The pea aphid could fit on the head of a pin. The elephant weevil has a long, snout- shaped head to drill into plants for food. The Hercules beetle’s big size helps when fighting for mates. Check the map to find out where in the world these biggest and littlest insects can be found.
Bugs Up Close by Diane Swanson, 2007, Kids Can Press.
When you see insects up close, you see that they have hard coverings called exoskeletons instead of skeletons like ours. Insects can molt or shed this outer covering. They haves spiracles rather than lungs . The bigger-thanlife photos in this book let you look right into the eyes of insects. You can examine the patterns on their wings. Inspect insect antennae and pincers. See the tiny leg hairs of bees as they hold pollen. Watch out for the wasp’s stinger!
Insect Eaters by Bobbie Kalman, 2009, Crabtree Publishing.
What’s for dinner? If you are an insect, it might be you! Insect eaters are called insectivores. Some plants, like the Venus flytrap, eat insects. Can you find other insect-eating plants? Spiders trap insects in their webs, while frogs use their long, sticky tongues to catch insects. What other animals use sticky tongues to do this? Many birds are insectivores and use their sharp beaks to find and catch insects. Think about how woodpeckers get insects from under tree bark. Discover how you might be an insectivore, too.
Bugs That Build by Cari Jackson, 2009, Marshall Cavendish Benchmark.
Did you ever make a tent? Tent caterpillars make their tents in trees. Do you have air conditioning in your house? So do termites. Air goes in and out through tiny holes in the walls of termite mounds. We learn about building by watching insects build. (See biomimicry in the Design issue of Spigot.) Honeybees teach us about building skyscrapers. NASA scientists are studying ants to build swarms of robots that will work together.
Bugs: Poems about Creeping Things by David L. Harrison, 2007, Boyds Mills Press.
Beware; some of these poems are gross even for bugs like chocolate covered grasshoppers and dung beetles. It’s fun to look for words that rhyme with different bugs. Like chigger rhymes with biggerand flea rhymes with me. Can you think of rhymes for tick, gnat, bee and ant? Investigate a bug that’s not in this poetry book and then write your own bug poem.
Joyful Noise: Poems for Two Voices by Paul Fleischman, 1988, Harper & Row.
Do you have a friend who is interested in insects, too? Then, this is the perfect book for you. You and a friend can read aloud and even perform these insect poems for two voices. Your voices will sound like insects. You might want to find photographs of the insects to make a power point presentation to accompany your performance. See the review of e.guides: Insects for a site that will get you started.
Insectlopedia by Douglas Florian, 1998, Harcourt Brace.
Look for concrete shape poems about the inchworm, whirligig beetles and termites. How many ―tic‖ words can you find in The Tick? How would you illustrate the poems about walkingsticks or treehoppers? Try making watercolor paintings on brown paper bags with collage like the author did for his illustrations. Or, just read these somewhat silly poems for fun!
Insectigations: 40 Hands-on Activities to Explore the Insect World by Cindy Blobaum, 2005, Chicago Review Press.
Items from your home can be used for these easy “insectigations.” As you learn, read about real entomologists, record your own journal notes and discover some internet connections. Make a bug–friendly trap and a temporary terrarium to observe your insects. Have fun making and playing the “Insectigations” game. These activities may keep you “as busy as a bee.” Try finding more bug sayings to illustrate and share with your friends.
e.guides:Insects by David Burnie, 2005, DK Publishing.
What do bugs look like on the inside? Cool or gross? Can some insects skate and others swim? Do the swimmers also dive? Go beyond these questions with this book and the connected Web sites. Each page has its own keyword (Book Reviews, continued)(Continued on next page)Library ConnectionSPIGOT – http://www.spigotsciencemag.com 27 Bugssearch connection. Read, research, download free images, watch videos and test your insect knowledge. There’s even an Internet safety section for parents too. Check out www.insect.dkeguides.com
The Voyage of the Beetle: A Journey around the World with Charles Darwin and the Search for the Solution to the Mystery of Mysteries, as Narrated by Rosie, an Articulate Beetle by Anne H. Weaver, 2007, University of New Mexico Press.
aturalist Charles Darwin and a beetle named Rosie have in common? They are both detectives. In this book, they spend five years on a round-theworld voyage to solve the ―mystery of mysteries.‖ Read Darwin’s journal notes and observations and see how Rosie’s clues guide the exploration. Use the timeline and world map to trace this fantastic journey. Figure out how many miles they traveled. Then go beyond this story by creating your own. You could pretend to be a lightning bug helping Ben Franklin discover electricity. Or perhaps pose as a firefly showing Thomas Edison how to make a light bulb. What mystery would you, as a bug, want to help solve?
Mighty Animal Cells by Rebecca L. Johnson, 2008, Microquests series, Millbrook Press
Can you imagine that you, just like every animal or plant, started as a single cell? Read about how animal cells divide, change, and develop. Then look at some of your own cells. You are covered with skin cells. You have red and white blood cells that do different jobs. You have muscle cells that help you move and nerve cells that send and deliver messages. Cell division even helps your cuts and scrapes heal on their own.
Daring Cell Defenders by Rebecca L. Johnson, 2008, Microquests series, Millbrook Press
Watch out! Bacteria, viruses, and germs are everywhere. You know how you feel when you have a cold or the flu but do you know your body has a system to fight infections and disease? Your immune system helps you get better. You can also help fight disease by taking care of your body armor, the skin. Inside your body, white blood cells are some of your defenders. The next time you get a cold, think about your cells fighting to help you get healthy again.
The Basics of Cell Life with Max Axiom, Super Scientist by Amber . Keyser, 2010, Graphic Library, Graphic Science series, Capstone Press
Max is back! He starts with an ocean trip to find plankton which are usually single-celled organisms. Then Max shrinks himself to take us inside plant and animal cells to see how they work. Watch as Max points out the phases of cell division. Learn how stem cells might fight cancer or cure diseases such as Parkinson’s or Alzheimer’s. Finally, look at just some of the jobs cells can do.
From Microscopes to Stem Cell Research: Discovering Regenerative Medicine by Sally Morgan, 2006, Chain Reactions series, Heinemann Library
Think of what you know about superheroes. They save lives, fight villains, and even protect whole cities. Now, imagine a super cell that might do that and more for the human body. It sounds amazing but cell biologists are just beginning to discover the super powers of stem cells. Find out what scientists are saying and doing. Learn more about what stem cells might be able to do in the future. You might want to draw a super stem cell comic hero to show what it can do.
Cell Biology by Aubrey Stimola, 2011, Science Made Simple series, Rosen Publishing Group
Just as there are many kinds of humans, there are also many kinds of human cells. Some people do certain jobs. Cells also do certain tasks. Do you like to work in a group? So do some cells. Do you prefer to work alone? Some cells work alone too. And that’s just the beginning. Take a look at cells from the inside out. See how animal and plant cells differ. Learn about famous cell biologists too.
Plant Cells and Life Processes by Barbara A. Somervill, 2011, Investigating Cells series, Heinemann
Start by making a model of a plant cell using clay or another moldable material. Now label the parts. Don’t forget that the central vacuole is the wastebasket for the cell. Manipulate the model as you learn how plant cells use water and make food. Find out how cells get bigger without really growing. Imagine you are a plant cell scientist. Maybe you can develop a new plant that could provide food for starving people around the world. Norman Borlaug did and won the 1970 Nobel Peace Prize for a new kind of wheat.
Cells by Susan Meredith, 2010, Let’s Explore Science series, Rourke Publishing
Did you know…Humans are made up of more than 10 trillion cells?… Nerve cells or neurons send messages and live about 100 years?… Viruses can attack healthy cells?… White blood cells defend the body to keep us healthy? What else can you learn about cells? Maybe you’ll want to make a Venn diagram to compare plant and animal cells.
Danger! Earthquakes by Seymour Simon, 2002, SeaStar Books.
In this issue of Spigot, you learn about the Richter Scale and the Mercalli Scale to measure the power of earthquakes and the damage they do. There are about one million earthquakes around the world each year. Luckily we don‘t feel most of them. Nearly 35,000 happen in California. But Alaska is the state with the most earthquakes.
Tsunamis and Floods by Jayne Keedle, 2009, Gareth Stevens Publishing.
Over 200,000 people were killed in the deadliest tsunami in history. It happened in December 2004 in the Indian Ocean. Look at a map to find the eleven countries that surround this ocean. Find out how tsunamis are formed. Read about the floods caused by Hurricane Katrina in the U.S. Gulf Coast. Learn about other famous floods from Johnstown, PA. to Bangladesh.
Plate Tectonics; Earth’s Moving Crust by Darlene R. Stille, 2007, Compass Point Books.
To learn about plate tectonics, you‘ll have to take a journey to the center of the Earth. Slabs of rock in the Earth‘s mantle are called tectonic plates. Movement of these plates creates mountains and lakes. It also causes earthquakes and volcanoes. Read about a scientist, Alfred Wegener, and his theory of continental drift. Make a model of the continents before and after the drift.
Our Patchwork Planet; The Story of Plate Tectonics by Helen Roney Sattler, 1995, Lothrop, Lee & Shepard Books.
Tectonic plates carry the continents and oceans almost like a turtle carries its shell. Under the Pacific Ocean, several tectonic plates interact. Scientists call this area the Ring of Fire because many volcanoes and earthquakes happen there. Tectonic movements can also be positive. They are responsible for much of the mineral, gas, and oil deposits on Earth.
Erosion; How Land Forms, How it Changes by Darlene R. Stille, 2005, Compass Point Books.
Erosion can be caused by big things like wind, water, and glaciers. It can also be caused by small things like worms, insects, and snakes that loosen soil. Some scientists think there‘s evidence of erosion on Mars. You can search for signs of erosion in your own backyard. You might even find a fossil that‘s been uncovered by erosion.
Earth Matters Consultant editor David de Rothschild, 2008, DK Publishing.
We know the Earth is always changing. Some of the changes are good. Many of them are not. Read about the Earth from its very beginning. Learn about helping the Earth in this encyclopedia of ecology. Find out what you can do to make a difference wherever you live. Remember, Earth Matters!
1000 Facts on Planet Earth by John Farndon, 2002, Barnes & Noble.
Read the fast facts about earthquakes, epicenters, erosion, and eruptions. Discover what causes faults, floods, and fossils. Find out about glaciers and global warming. Learn about tectonic plates, tornadoes, and tsunamis. That‘s only the beginning of these 1000 facts!
Volcanologists; Life Exploring Volcanoes by Chris Hayhurst, 2003, The Rosen Publishing Group.
Besides reading about volcanoes, earthquakes, and other forces like erosion, you might want to do a few experiments on your own. Try mapping the ocean floor in your living room. Create tectonic plates with a small tray of mud. Make a tiltmeter that a volcanologist might use. Or build your own erupting volcano.
Shake, Rattle, and Roll; The World’s Most Amazing Volcanoes, Earthquakes, and Other Forces by Spencer Christian & Antonia Felix, 1997, John Wiley & Sons.
It might be “cool” to have the “hot” job of a volcanologist. You could travel all over the world studying the way volcanoes work. You could help predict future volcanic eruptions and help to save many lives. Volcanologists have to be very careful. They need to plan an escape route and carry special safety equipment. If you‘re interested in volcanoes, maybe this extreme career is for you.
Culture Encyclopedia Design by Fiona MacDonald, 2003, Mason Crest
You can travel through time learning about some of the earliest designs right up to those of the present. See how pottery and tools were first designed. Look at castles and skyscrapers. Notice how designs in fashion, food, and furnishings have changed over the decades. Simple designs for stirrups and scissors to complicated designs for stealth bombers and space suits are part of this trip through design history.
A Book about Design: Complicated Doesn’t Make it Good by Mark Gonyea, 2005, Henry Holt
Designing buildings, bridges, parks, and even cars can be complicated. But the basics of design don‘t have to be. Learn how simple designs begin with shapes, size and color. See how changing any or all of these three alters the whole design. Make and modify your own designs by following these easy steps and illustrations.
Environmental Technology by Andrew Solway, 2009, Black Rabbit Books
Going Green is more than just a phrase. It‘s something we all can do to help protect our environment. There are many ways to improve buildings, limit waste, and use new energy sources. Technology specifically designed to do these things is called environmental technology. Can you help by riding a bamboo bicycle or by eating packaging made from foods or by wearing solar-powered clothing?
Double Helix: The Quest to Uncover the Structure of DNA by Glen Phelan, 2006, National Geographic
DNA is often referred to as ―the secret of life. But, how was that secret discovered? Who discovered it? What kinds of special awards did they receive for the discovery? Why is DNA so important? Will DNA lead to new cures for diseases? How does the design of your DNA make you unique? Perhaps DNA holds a special secret for your life.
Using Math to Design a Roller Coaster by Hilary Koll, Steve Mills, & Korey T. Kiepert, 2007, Gareth Stevens Publishing
Do you like to ride roller coasters? Do you like to do math? Well, they go together! Engineers use math to design roller coasters and to make sure they operate safely. Coaster designers add twists, turns, loops, and tunnels to make the ride more exciting. The Big Dipper in Blackpool, UK is the oldest roller coaster. Learn which roller coaster is the highest or the fastest. Use the math challenges in this book to design your own roller coaster. You might even make your own computer-generated roller coaster model.
Skateboard Design and Construction: How Your Board Gets Built by Justin Hocking, 2006, Rosen Publishing
A riddle: What has a kicktail, nose, deck, and wheels? A skateboard. Skateboards were invented in America in the 1940s, before most of you were born. The design and production of skateboards have improved so that now boards are much lighter and faster. Even if you‘re not a skateboarder, you might try your hand at designing them. Or, you could make a graphic design that you might put on the bottom of a skateboard.
Pinewood Derby Designs & Patterns by Troy Thorne, 2007, Fox Chapel Publishing
You don‘t have to be a NASCAR driver to design a race car. Pinewood derby cars are much smaller and anyone can race them. Learn about types of wood, axles, wheels, and weights for these miniature racing cars. Designs and patterns are included for the simplest to the super models. You can scan and print the decal art or design your own. Get ready to roll!
Buildings in Disguise by Joan Marie Arbogast, 2004, Boyds Mills Press
Have you ever been inside a duck, a dog, or an elephant? How about a teapot or a milk bottle? All of these and more are actual buildings throughout the United States. Do you have one of these famous landmark buildings in your state? Locate all these buildings on your US map. Learn about the author from her interview in this issue. Find out how kids like you are making their own mimetic architectural designs.
What’s Inside? Fascinating Structures Around the World by Giles Laroche, 2009, Houghton Mifflin Harcourt
Many buildings around the world are beautiful but it‘s what‘s inside that makes them unique. In Egypt take a look inside the tomb of King Tut. Go through a horseshoe-shaped gate to find a whole city in Spain. See the giant sails or seashells that hold the Opera House in Sydney, Australia. Find an aquarium full of fish in the ship-shaped building in Atlanta, Georgia. Now, choose something special and decide how you would design a building around it.
Stadiums by Chris Oxlade, 2006, Heinemann Library.
Some stadiums seat more than 100,000 people at one time. Special roof designs allow for stadiums to be used in all kinds of weather. Sometimes stadiums are used for natural disasters. People stayed in the Louisiana Superdome during Hurricane Katrina before its roof blew off. Structural engineers design these massive buildings. If you want to design something big; try a stadium.
The Chunnel: The Building of a 200-Year-Old Dream by Jil Fine, 2004, Scholastic
Use a map to find the channel between England and France. The Chunnel is a tunnel under the English Channel that connects England and France. Channel + tunnel = chunnel! Most of the early tunnel designs didn‘t work. After many years of building, the Chunnel officially opened in 1994. Find out how fast trains travel through the Chunnel today.
The Elements of Pop-Up: A Pop-Up Book for Aspiring Paper Engineers by David A. Carter & James Diaz, 1999, Simon & Schuste
For designs that jump right out at you, try paper engineering or pop-up technology. Folds, angles, wheels, and pull-tabs are all used in these pop-up examples. Gather your heavy paper, scissors, glue, and a few other tools and materials to begin your own pop-up creations. Start with the easy designs and read the hints that go with each model.
Making Amazing Art; 40 Activities Using the 7 Elements of Art Design by Sandi Henry, 2007, Williamson Books.
Pick up your pencils, paints, paper, and scissors. From the beginning to the end of this book, you can make your own unique designs. Look through the artist‘s eyes at various masterpieces. Follow the techniques used by such artists as da Vinci, Matisse, and O‘Keeffe. Use the elements of design to try projects that vary from least to most challenging.
Game On: Have You Got What it Takes to Be a Video Game Developer? by Lisa Thompson, 2009, Compass Point Books
Can you picture a career that requires you to play as many video games as you can? What an exciting possibility! But you‘ll also need to be really good in English and math if you want to be a video game designer. Find out about the elements of game design and how to become a game developer. See how to start to design sets and characters for your own video game.
Walt Disney’s Imagineering Legends and the Genesis of the Disney Theme Park by Jeff Kurtti, 2008, Disney Editions
Imagination is a wonderful thing. You‘ve probably had imaginary friends and even played imaginary games. What would it be like to have a job of imagining and creating new ideas? That‘s what the Imagineers have done for years. They worked to design Disneyland in California, Disney World in Florida, and other theme parks around the world. Use a map to find the countries that have Disney theme parks. Imagine yourself working with the team of Disney‘s Imagineers!