Wild Oceans: A Pop-up Book with Revolutionary Technology
Pop-ups, flip pages, hidden slides, and dangling 3-D features take you into the deep, wild oceans. The largest animal on earth unfolds right before your eyes. Watch out for the long fangs of the viperfish. You might feel like a deep sea diver when you venture into the coral kingdom. Find out how penguins seals and other animals keep warm in the frozen oceans. Be ready for these beautiful, unfolding spectacles.
Oceans (Ripley’s Believe It or Not!)
You won’t believe this fact-filled book. Some facts are fantastic, some are freaky, and some are just plain yucky. Look for the blue penguin that wears blue socks to protect its feet. Meet a diver who fought off a tiger shark by trying to drown it. And find out if jellyfish noodles are really on the menu. This book comes with “Funky Fact Cards” and a shark attack poster. Make your own “Funky Fact Cards” to share with your friends.
Explorers: Oceans and Seas
Choose your own journey through this book. There are four possible paths to travel: Learn about oceans and people, oceans and animals, ocean conservation, or ocean science. Take a look at the close-up views of sardine bait balls or walrus whiskers. After you read about some famous shipwrecks, you could write a story about how you imagine one of them might have happened.
Bill Nye the Science Guy’s Big Blue Ocean
You can be a science guy or gal just like Bill Nye. Here are twelve “Try This” activities to help you learn more about the oceans and seas. You might find out how salt gets into the oceans or how to make a tsunami in your bathtub. Learn how fish can drown and why gravity makes the ocean tides. Do you know that the tallest mountain on Earth is in an ocean? How does pollution in the oceans affect sea creatures?
Oceans; Dolphins, Sharks, Penguins, and More! by Johnna Rizzo, 2010, National Geographic
Sea otters, sea horses, sea dragons and sea turtles are just a few of the sea creatures you’ll encounter in this book. You might want to make a graphic organizer to compare and contrast these creatures with land otters, horses, dragons, and turtles. After you read many amazing facts about creatures of the sea, find out how you can protect the oceans even if you don’t live close to one.
Scholastic Atlas of Oceans, 2004, Scholastic
Our one big ocean has different names for different parts of it. The part called the Pacific is the biggest and covers almost half of the Earth. The Pacific Ocean is the most violent while the Indian Ocean is the warmest. You might list all of the food, products and resources we get from the oceans. Then, if you live near an ocean, follow the field trip guide to plan your own exploration.
Oceans; Surviving in the Deep Sea by Michael Sandler, 2006, Bearport Publishing
Meet Dr. Sylvia Earle. Since she was a young girl, she’s been fascinated with the sea. She became a marine biologist. One time Sylvia lived in an underwater laboratory with a team of women scientists for two weeks. She holds the world record for solo diving: 1,250 feet (381 m). Try to measure this distance to visualize how deep it is. Today much of Sylvia’s work is about protecting the oceans of the world.
DK Guide: Ocean by Dr. Frances Dipper, 2002, DK Publishing
Put on your scuba gear for an underwater adventure. Picture yourself swimming in the sunlit waters that make up the top ocean layer. Watch for all kinds of sea life in the underwater forests and meadows. Beware of sea snakes in the warm waters of the Indian and Pacific oceans. Avoid the deadly sting of the box jellyfish off the northern Australian coast. Swim through the cold, dark mid-water layer to reach the deep plains of the ocean. You might be lucky enough to see the garden eels growing there!
Make a timeline to help you see the big picture of oceans. Look at the first oceans on Earth formed about 4 billion years ago. Add dates for the early sea explorers such as Captain James Cook. Discover sunken cities, treasures, and shipwrecks. Move on to modern exploration with new technologies like the Remotely Operated Vehicle (ROV). Finally, predict the future of oceans. Would you like to learn more? Try the investigations of seashores, aquariums, and maritime museum.
Hands-0n Projects About Oceans by Krista West, 2002, PowerKids Press/ Rosen Publishing
Create icebergs, waves, tides, and more with simple materials you have around the house. Try making a pen-cap submarine and watch the cap dive underwater in a plastic soda bottle. Test the freezing point of salt water and watch cold water sink. Make your own nautical chart to map the differing depths of the ocean waters. Then design your own projects to learn more about oceans.
Sweeping Tsunamis by Louise & Richard Spilsbury, 2010, Heinemann
Imagine standing in front of a wall 100 feet high. Now close your eyes and visualize that wall as a huge wave crashing toward you. That’s what could happen in a tsunami. Tsunamis are natural events that usually result from earthquakes or volcanic eruptions. Seismographs can help predict earthquakes and may help to provide tsunami warnings. Learn about the major tsunamis in history. Then do your own investigation of the 2011 Japanese tsunami. Compare it with the tsunami that hit Japan in 1993.
Tracking Trash; Flotsam, Jetsam, and the Science of Ocean Motion by Loree Griffin Burns, 2007, Houghton Mifflin
Following animal tracks can be fun. Tracking trash in the oceans is much more difficult. Oceanographers like Dr. Curtis Ebbesmeyer track floating trash to discover how waves and currents in the ocean move. Large containers of sneakers and bathtub toys that fell off cargo ships have been tracked. Find out how those spills happened. If you’re out on a boat, you might look for “ghost nets” in the water. Learn how tracking trash can help protect our environment.
Flotsam by David Wiesner, 2006, Clarion Books.
What’s the strangest thing you can imagine finding washed up on shore by the ocean? A camera might not seem like the most unusual find unless you can have the photos developed. Then, like the boy in this wordless story, you might discover some fantastic underwater cities. Examine each picture carefully for a world full of surprises. Then use your imagination to make your own unique underwater illustrations. What story would you like to tell?O
Wild Tracks; a Guide to Nature’s Footprints by Jim Arnowsky, 2008, Sterling.
Jim Arnowsky says that learning to read animal tracks is like learning "an ancient language of shapes and patterns," like being a detective. You can identify animals, find out where they’re going and even how fast they might be traveling. From the life-size drawings you can see the difference between a walking and a running deer. Compare the size of your hand to the size of a polar bear’s footprint. Polar bears have the biggest feet of all bears, big enough to use as snowshoes! Use this book to learn about animal tracks from birds to buffalo.
Tracking Trash: Flotsam, Jetsam, and the Science of Ocean Movement by Loree Griffin Burns, 2007, Houghton Mifflin.
What happens when a ship’s cargo of sneakers or plastic toys spills into the ocean? Oceanographers, scientists who study ocean currents, track the trash to help them learn more about the ocean currents. Tracking drifting objects helps identify patterns of wave movement. These scientists also use the debris that washes up on beaches to make people aware of ocean pollution. Try trashtracking for yourself. See how you can help even if you don’t live near an ocean.
Q is for Quark: a Science Alphabet Book by David M. Schwartz, 2001, Tricycle Press.
Patterns in science can be made of the smallest subatomic particles, quarks. Or even a little larger pattern is found in DNA. Discover more about patterns in atoms, patterns in music, and patterns in the universe in this very special alphabet book for scientists like you. Start your own science alphabet from the new words you learned in this Spigot issue.
G is for Googol: a Math Alphabet Book by David M. Schwartz, 1998, Tricycle Press.
You read about Fibonacci. He’s in this math alphabet book for the letter F. Learn more about Fibonacci in N for nature. Look for some more patterns in B for binary numbers. See how some patterns are S for symmetrical or how to make T for tessellation patterns. Even V for Venn diagrams can be patterns. They’re all in this math alphabet.
The Seasons Sewn: a Year in Patchwork by Ann Whitford Paul, 1996, Voyager/Hartcourt.
If you have a quilt on your bed. maybe someone in your family stitched it for you. If you lived a long time ago, maybe you would have helped make your own family quilts. Did you ever wonder if the quilt patterns have any meanings? Seasons, animals and special events all provided ideas for quilt patterns. There are even patterns about baseball, fishing, and playing games. See how many quilt patterns you can find and identify.
Pieces: a Year in Poems & Quilts, by Anna Grossnickle Hines, 2001, Greenwillow Books.
Colorful patterns fill this book to make the illustrations for each poem. See how the pieces look before they are stitched together into quilt pictures. You might try to illustrate your own poem with pieces of fabric or construction paper. Make a pattern that’s also a picture.
Math Potatoes by Greg Tang, 2005, Scholastic.
This book isn’t really about anything you eat. It has problems in riddles and the answers in patterns. Discover lots of fun and creative ways to solve problems using addition, subtraction, multiplication and division. Sharpen your thinking skills with Tang’s "mind-stretching brain food."
The Best of Times by Greg Tang, 2002, Scholastic.
Poems, patterns, and products are all part of the fun in this multiplication book. Learn how to multiply large and small numbers quickly by understanding the patterns in the groups of numbers. You can remember even more difficult facts like the seven times tables with rhymes such as "Seven is a cinch to do, first times 5 then add times 2!"
Forensic Science by Chris Cooper, 2008, DK Publishing.
If you are a detective, you use patterns or clues to solve mysteries or crimes. If you are a forensic scientist, you use patterns and scientific methods to investigate crimes. Many kinds of science like entomology, the study of insects, might be used in investigations. Learn how a forensic scientist takes and analyzes fingerprints. Read about crime scenes, blood evidence, and clues or patterns in nature. This book comes complete with a CD of forensic clip art and helpful web resources. Find out about the most famous forensic scientists and discover how the future of forensics might even be in your future.
1000 Things You Should Know about Plants by John Farndon, 2003, Mason Crest Publishers
Wow! A thousand things is a lot to know! Luckily, this book is organized with six color-coded categories. Do you want to learn only about trees? Just follow the orange circles throughout the book. Would you like to find out more about flowers? Look for the yellow circles. Discover for yourself how the categories might overlap. Should palm trees be only with the trees? You might use a graphic organizer to illustrate your own groupings.
The Visual Dictionary of Plants - Eyewitness Visual Dictionaries, 1992, DK Publishers
Liverworts, horsetails, hogweed, oh my! Would you sit on couch grass? Or drink from a monkey cup? If you can’t imagine pictures of these plants, take a look in this visual dictionary. You won’t even need a magnifying glass or microscope to see the smallest parts of petals, leaves, stems, and roots. Start with the kingdom, Plantae, and check out the family tree of plants.
Green Plants by Sally Morgan, 2006, Heinemann Library
You might think of pioneers as those who looked for new lands. Meet some science pioneers such as Melvin Calvin who won the Nobel Prize for chemistry. He discovered some of the mysteries about photosynthesis. Try some experiments like making a photometer to measure the rate that a leafy shoot will take up water. Talk to your friends and family about the new and controversial practice of genetically modifying (GM) crops. What are the advantages and disadvantages of GM crops?
Plants, Algae, and Fungi - Britannica Illustrated Science Library, 2008, Encyclopedia Britannica
Fabulous photography and awesome artwork will help you see up close and even inside all kinds of plants. Many of the approximately 300,000 plant species in the world are packed into this book. Discover why algae and fungi don’t belong to the plant kingdom. From under the earth to in the water and from poisonous to healing learn about plants that are all around us.
Hidden Stories in Plants by Anne Pellowski, 1990, Macmillan
You might feel as though you’re on a magic carpet ride as you travel around the world with these myths, legends, and tales. Read or tell the English folktale about how the daisy got its name or the Hawaiian legend, The Giant Pumpkin. There are plant stories about ornaments, disguises, toys, and instruments. After reading, have fun making a few of the plant crafts and projects.
Sunscreen for Plants by Carla Mooney, 2010, Norwood House Press
Have you ever been sunburned? The sun’s ultraviolet rays can burn plants just as they can burn your skin. Fruits and vegetables can shrivel, get spots, or even die if the sun is too hot. Some scientists think that our changing climate will cause more plants and people to get burned. Plants, like people, need extra water and some protection, like nets for shade, to keep them from burning. One scientist, David Cope, and his company developed Purshade and Eclipse as sunscreens for plants. Find out how using sunscreens for plants can benefit you and your family.
Endangered Plants by D. M. Souza, 2003, Franklin Watts/Scholastic
We hear much more about saving endangered animals than we do about saving endangered plants. But endangered or extinct plants may be at the root of many other disappearing species. Plants provide oxygen, water vapor, and even nourishment for millions of living things. Find out how scientists, private citizens, local governments, and even the U.S. Congress are working to save plants in the forests, wetlands, deserts, and on prairies. What can you do?
Plants Out of Place by Courtney Farrell, 2011, Rourke Publishing
When traveling, do you bring home souvenirs? In the past, people brought plants home from their travels and later found some were bad for where they lived. These plants are called non-native because they do not naturally grow in a location. Some plants spread out of control and harm the environment. Find out how cheatgrass, kudza and even some aquarium plants can be bad for the environment. Are there any nonnative plants where you live? Learn what you can do to help prevent the spread of invasive plants.
Venus Flytraps, Bladderworts, and Other Wild and Amazing Plants by Monica Halpern, 2006, National Geographic.
Bladderworts live in water and use tiny hairs in a trapdoor to suck in insects. Pitcher plants drown their food in a sugary liquid. Most meat-eating plants eat insects but a few larger ones eat mice, frogs, and even small birds. Some plants use poison to keep their enemies away. Have you ever met a poison ivy plant up close? Plants use amazing ways to get food and to protect themselves. Make a Venn diagram to compare our most common carnivorous plants, the Venus flytrap, bladderworts, and pitcher plants.
Carnivorous Plants by Rebecca L. Johnson, 2008, Lerner Publications
Many people are carnivores because they eat meat. But have you heard of plants that catch and eat animals too? They are carnivorous. Most of these plants use sticky goo to trap their prey. Some plants, like the Venus Flytrap, have special leaves that actually reach out to grab an insect and then snap shut. Many species of carnivorous plants are endangered and collecting them is illegal in most parts of the United States. How are carnivorous plants protected where you live?
Plants on the Trail with Lewis and Clark by Dorothy Hinshaw Patent, 2003, Clarion Books.
Did you ever go for a hike and try to identify plants along the trail? More than 200 years ago Meriwether Lewis and William Clark set out on a very long hike from the Missouri River to the Pacific Ocean. Along the way, they found nearly 200 different plant species. Take a look at the list of plants and where they were found. See which ones can be found close to your home. Use a map to follow along Lewis and Clark’s trail.
Plants and Art Activities by Rosie McCormick, 2002, Crabtree Publishing.
You may have made leaf prints and rubbings but you might want to try some spore prints and bark rubbings. Use grains such as rice to stuff toys and seeds to make maracas. Try plant juices to tie dye t-shirts. Make a cactus organizer for your desk or get carried away with a pine cone parachute. Best of all, create anything you want after you make your own handmade paper.
Draw 50 Flowers, Trees, and Other Plants by Lee J. Ames, 1994, Doubleday.
Grab your sketch pad, pencil, and a kneaded eraser. Open this book to any page. You won’t read about drawing beautiful plants, you’ll actually do it as you follow the simple lines. As you go along, you’ll add detail and perspective. Finally, you’ll have a life-like sketch. The author suggests that if you don’t get it right the first time, keep trying.
Environmental Science Fair Projects: Revised and Expanded Using the Scientific Method by Thomas R. Rybolt & Robert Mebane, 2010, Enslow Publishers
Put on your lab coat and learn how scientists perform experiments to search for answers about the environment. Follow the steps in the scientific method to find out “What makes oxygen in the air?” or “How does salt water affect plant growth?” Discover different types of soil and how oil can be cleaned from bird feathers. Read about tips for safety and success as you prepare your science fair exhibit.
How to do a Science Fair Project by Salvatore Tocci, 1997, Franklin Watts; Grolier Publishing
From choosing a topic to your final presentation takes many steps. Planning, experimenting, analyzing data, and preparing a report to accompany your project display are all part of the process. Finally the big day arrives. What will you say? How will you act? What will the judges look for? Just about everything is described in this step-by-step guide. Meet some students who have actually won awards and learn from their successes.
Crime Scene Science Fair Projects by Elizabeth Snoke Harris, 2006, Lark Books
Even if your home is not a crime scene, that is where you will find the materials for these forensic experiments. To begin, get a notebook, make a schedule, and form a hypothesis. Design your experiment and decide how you will display your findings with charts, graphs, and tables. Then start examining the evidence like a real forensic scientist.
Yikes! Wow! Yuck!: Fun Experiments for Your First Science Fair by Elizabeth Snoke Harris, 2008, Lark Books
Can these really be science fair projects? What comes to your mind when you hear “Gooey Dough Ball” “What Stinks?” “Ooze” and “Exploding Soda” just to name a few? Maybe you’d rather experiment with something good to eat. Try “Make Dessert First” “The Cereal Game” or “Candy Melt.” Whatever you decide, you will have fun preparing some of these science fair projects.
Science Fair Winners: Crime Scene Science by Karen Romano Young, 2009, National Geographic
Listen to “the buzz” to decide what you’d like to learn more about. Is it using biometrics like they do at Disney World to check ticket holders? Is it how pets are used as detectives? Would you like to be able to read people’s faces or analyze their handwriting? How can bar codes protect mail crimes? Sometimes a discovery takes an experiment and sometimes it just takes careful observations.
Super Science Challenges: Hands-on Inquiry Projects for Schools, Science Fairs, or Just Plain Fun! by Janice Van Cleave, 2008, John Wiley & Sons
Science problems or challenges can be solved through experimentation and investigation. Here are 50 challenges in astronomy, biology, chemistry, earth science, and physics. Each is related to a real-life science problem and even includes some “fun facts” about the topics. For a start, you might make recycled paper, clone a plant or design a solar cooker.
Science Fair Success Secrets: How to Win Prizes, Have Fun, and Think Like a Scientist by Bill Haduch, 2002, Dutton Children’s Books
Where do science fair project ideas come from? Look all around you. For each project described in this book there is a section called “Where the idea came from.” These ideas will start you thinking about your own project. Then there is a section about what to call your project. Check out award-winning project titles such as “Using Your Noodle” and start thinking about your own to ideas for a project in the section called “In Your Dreams.”
The Complete Science Fair Handbook by Anthony D. Fredericks & Isaac Asimov, 1990, Good Year Books
Ready to have a science fair? Wait just a minute. You might need some guidelines to help you get started. Here are sample forms for student entries, parent permission, students’ planning guide, and a checklist for judging projects. There are sections for teachers as well as one for parents. Get everyone involved and get going!
Science Fair Success Using the Internet: Revised and Updated by Marc Alan Rosner, 2006, Enslow Publishers
If you have an idea for a science fair project, think about using the Internet to support and enhance your project. If you are looking for a project idea, use the Internet to help you find projects that might spark your interest. Not sure where to start? There are many web sites here to help you along the way.
More Blue Ribbon Science Fair Projects by Maxine Iritz, 2000, McGraw-Hill
Check out the ISEF (International Science and Engineering Fair) categories from Behavioral and Social Sciences to Zoology. Learn where to find background information and how to present the research. Decide how to state and display your results. Use the Science Project Organizer to take you from start to finish.
The Invention of Hugo Cabret by Brian Selznick, 2007, Scholastic. 2008 Caldecott Medal Winner.
Machines seem to be magical. Think of all the things they can do. In this book, Hugo says, "Did you ever notice that all machines are made for some reason?" (p. 374). Some machines tell time, some make ice cream, and some even wash cars. George Mêlées, who was a real magician and early motion picture maker, used machine-like robots or automatons in his work. Hugo, an orphan, discovers one of George’s automatons and unravels the mystery behind it. This book is full of detailed drawings and actual pictures form old films. Reading it is like watching a movie.
Inventions Explained: A Beginners Guide to Technological Breakthroughs by Richard Platt, 1997, Henry Holt & Co.
Some of the tools and inventions we use today were invented long ago. The early Greeks, Egyptians, Chinese, and others were great inventors. Going on vacation, sending text messages, and even doing chores around the house depend on inventions that may be thousands of years old. Most new inventions are combinations of old ones. Does your school have a science fair or inventors’ contest? Why not invent something on your own?
Click, Rumble, Roar: Poems about Machines selected by Lee Bennett Hopkins, 1987, Thomas Y. Crowell.
Do you like to ride in a car through an automated car wash? Have you ever wondered where the bags go as the garbage truck seems to close its mouth around them? Do bulldozers and front-end loaders fascinate you? The poems in this book were written by people who wondered about the machines around them. Read some of the poems and then choose a machine to write a poem about. Maybe you’ll choose an iPod or cell phone or computer.
Cool Stuff 2.0 and How it Works by Chris Woodford and Jon Woodcock, 2007, DK Publishing.
How does a computer mouse or a Bluetooth work? How about a supermarket scanner or an escalator? Check out this book and amaze your friends and family with all the "cool" information you can learn about how more than 100 things work. Great photos and illustrations are included.
See How It’s Made by Penny Smith and Lorrie Mack, 2007, DK Publishing.
Go sightseeing through factories to see how things are made. Learn that half of a scoop of ice cream is air. Watch as ballet shoes are assembled and sausages are stuffed. See how chocolate and cheese are processed. Find out how the graphite gets inside pencils, how crayons are boxed, and a lot more.
Castle under Siege: Simple Machines by Andrew Solway, 2006, Raintree.
What better way to learn about simple machines than to see them in action. Simple machines are used to build, attack, and defend this castle. Each simple machine makes the work easier. You might try making your own model castle with the simple machines used for the drawbridge, catapult, and towers.
The New Way Things Work by David Macauley, 1998, Houghton Mifflin.
See how things from the simplest machines to the greatest inventions work. Inclined planes are used to design can openers and zippers. Levers help pianos and bicycles work. Pulleys operate cranes, elevators, and escalators. Screws turn drills and meat grinders. From helicopters to holograms and televisions to toilet tanks, learn all about the way things like these work!
Let’s Investigate Science: Machines by Robin Kerrod, 1996, Benchmark Books.
Find some pencils, coins, string, and other everyday materials. Now you can do the investigations to help you understand how simple machines work. Use your problem-solving strategies to do the "Workout" examples. Learn how simple machines and engines work together in factories and on farms.